Hallo, I am Lena, welcome to my channel Today I start a new project with videos I will go tours in some places and I will write calligraphy at the places I will go The first tour will be in ancient city Aptera, which is in city of Chania, of Crete island (Greece) More details when we arrive.
Let’s go…. So, here we are… We are going to visit a temple of 5th century, the monastery of Saint John, the Roman cisterns, the ancient theater and the house with peristyls. So, here in Aptera In the doric ancient greek dialect, the name was Aptara Here I have some brochures to read more information I have already read some to tell you Here you see some of the places, we will go to many places today Ancient city Aptera, was built in a very good place a very good strategic location It was built about the 7th century BC The location was very strategic because the ancient city lies on a low hill about 200 metres high, which overlooks the Souda bay That period, this city was contolling the two natural bays with the harbors the most important harbors The one was the Minoas harbor, which is the today area Marathi, and the other was the Kissamos harbor which today is the Kalami area Just a mention again, that Aptera is situated in Chania Perfecture about 10klm to the road to Rethymno below the Souda bay At the ancient Knossos, about 14th-13th century BC the archaeologists found some inscriptions that mention the ancient city Aptera they write the city as Apatava They believe that Apatava was this place, the newest Aptera The name Apatava (or Apatawa) was written in the syllabic script Linear B There are three theories how this city was named Aptera (Aptera in greek means someone without wings) The first theory or myth says that Aptera was a nick name of Goddess Artemis She was named as Goddess Artemis the Aptera One other theory or myth – as I read from the brochure ( I cannot remember everything 🙂 ) says that the eponymous of a hero-king Delphi Pteras or Apteras, gave his name to the city and the last theory this is more a myth that was mentioned by the historic Stefanos Vyzantios at the 5 century AC He was saying that there was a mythic battle between the Muses and the Sirens let me check it again so in that battle the Sirens lost thew their feathers (wings) so, they stayed without feathers (featherless) (or wingless) (A-ptera) and fell into the sea So, these are the three theories choose anyone you like most 🙂 Here you see the ruins of an ancient roman house propably was a summer house it has peristyls It was built the first years of the Roman empire and as it said it was built with many details from the Hellenist period The history says that the first excavations were made the 1860 from the French archaeological school that period this ancient city was found and they found many other ancient foundings According to these foundings they learned that this ancient city was inhabited from the 7th century BC until the 8th century AC That period the city was destroyed from a big earthquake and after that was destroyed from the Arabs We are at the Monastery of Saint John Theologos, which was builted around 1182 AC This Monastery belonged to Patmos island until 1960 AC Now, nobody is here, except those buildings and the church This is a room of the old monastery now it is a small information center You see here on the wall some information panels and you can read, when you come here, more information about Aptera Also there is a tv which plays a video with photos and the information of this place Nice job This is a magic place We are at the most inpressive monuments of this place, the Romans cisterns Three-parted cisterns From outside you will see three arches at the floor there waters It was the place that the waters were collected, at the ancient years Because of the waters, which fell from the walls, they have very beautiful colors You can’t imagine how beautiful it’s in here Happy to see this place, I haven’t see it before We have so many ancient beautis in Greece You will see all these beauties thanks to my beloved husband Vassilios (love you) Here I am in the ancient theater of this city You will see more pictures later Do you see this stone I am on? This stone was called “thimeli” and it was the altar of Dionysos, all the ancient greek theaters have it in the middle of the stage Also, Epidayrus theater has this stone at the same place This stone has something amazing If you stand on this stone and talk you can here your voice as you talk in a microphone You hear your voice very loud…. amazing Now, I sit on the stones of the ancient theater (amazing) and I will write calligraphy for you Now, I will write four words for you It is better to say that I will write the same word, in four different greek styles The one style will be Linear B, the next style will be in later ancient greeks then I will write the word in greek capitals that we use now and the last style will be in modern greek calligraphy I will write the word Aptera, which is the name of this ancient city as we said before and as I said before at the Linear B, the name of Aptera was Apatava (or Apatawa) I have also with me my pilot parallel pens my notepad I will write on the blanc pages This is an aluminium hard pad, which is ideal when I write on the road without a desk I start now with Linear B script. Linear B, has syllabus and not individual letters You see the syllabus here This script Linear B, was found on insciptions and to remind you, as I said at the beginning of the video, in ancient Knossos they have found inscriptions with the name of this city which was Apatava in Linear B and I start with this Pilot parallel pens are also ideal pens for calligraphy on the road, you don’t have to keep ink bottle with you In Linear B script, this symbol is “A” this symbol is “PA” symbol “TA”…. so till now we have APATA… and the last symbol “VA”… final word “APATAVA” in Linear B Let’s write now in later ancient greek letters which looks very much to the modern greek capital letters If you see, I don’t use guide lines when I write I just write free, just to see it The word Aptera – “ΑΠΤΕΡΑ” in greek Now, I will write in capital modern greeks Capital greek letters that we use today. Now, I will write the word Aptera in small letters, modern greek calligraphy Now, I will show you the words together APATAVA in Linear B APTERA in later ancient greek hand This is very common hand, you may see it very often is oaths or other ancient texts APTERA in capital modern greek letters and the small letters in modern greek calligraphy So, here ends this small tour to the ancient city of Aptera in Crete I showed you and told you only some things about this magic place I wrote you also greek calligraphy I liked very much this place and for me also, was the first time I saw them I was impressed If you visit Chania and Crete, it would be very nice to visit this place There are some links with details at the description box Subscribe to my channel for my weekly videos This is an extra video, tour video and I will upload these kind of videos when I will go for a tour Till next time….. Byeeee