November 10, 2019 43

The Hindu News Analysis | 02nd November 2019 | Daily Current Affairs – UPSC Mains – Prelims 2020

The Hindu News Analysis | 02nd November  2019 | Daily Current Affairs –  UPSC Mains – Prelims 2020


Good evening, Aspirants. Welcome to the in
the newest analysis by Shankar IAS Academy, for the date 2nd November 2019. There is
a small announcement for the viewers. As requested by many viewers, we are
assuming our Sunday The Hindu news analysis. So, from tomorrow onwards, on
every Sunday there will be Hindu news analysis by Shankar IAS Academy. For our
today’s analysis these are the list of articles chosen. It
has been given along with the page numbers of Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi,
Thiruvananthapuram and Hyderabad editions. The link for the handwritten
notes and the time stamping for the displayed articles is given in the
description box below and for the benefit of smartphone users it is also
given in the comment section let’s move on to our first news article analysis
this discussion is based on the pollution levels in Delhi and NCR that
is National Capital Region the syllabus that can be linked to this discussion is
given here for your reference the news article states that the pollution levels
in Delhi and NCR has become severe as a result of this schools in the capital
have been ordered to be closed till November 5th the schools were closed
mainly because a public health emergency has been declared in the capital it was
declared by the environment pollution prevention and control authority that is
EPCA the pollution is so severe and the air condition in Delhi is so bad that
the newspaper calls Delhi and NCR as a gas chamber see gas chamber is nothing
but an airtight room that can be filled with poisonous gas so as to kill people
or to kill animals these gas chambers were infamously used by the Nazis in
their concentration camps during the Second World War to kill and torture
people so by gas chamber the newspaper means
that the air has become poisonous in Delhi that it can also kill people so
you can just imagine how bad the pollution is in capital now what caused
the severe air pollution one of the well own reasons is stubble burning there is
a rising level of smoke in Delhi due to burning of crop stubble this was told by
the CPC be according to CPC be the stubble burning contribution to
pollution has gone up to 45 percentage now this has resulted in the high
particulate matter concentration in air so CPC B has advised people to minimize
their outdoor activities now this has been told by CPC B because people are
facing symptoms that are associated with pollution such as irritation in the eyes
irritation in throat dry skin skin allergies chronic cough and
breathlessness etc so it was recommended that individuals who have asthma
then elderly people and kids are to stay at home so as they will not be affected
by the air pollution now another reason is given by an urban pollution
prevention and control authority that is EPCA
according to EP CA the combination of accumulated toxins because of the local
pollution in Delhi and NCR is the reason for severe air pollution this local
pollution was spiked or it was sharply increased because of cracker burning on
the festive occasion of Diwali now this has combined with stubble burning and
extremely adverse weather which has resulted in severe air pollution now
here how the extremely adverse weather is a reason that is because now it is
winter in Delhi and there is a temperature inversion during winter now
due to this temperature inversion the warm air rests above the cooler air
hence the smog is trapped closer to the ground and it makes the air more
polluted and it also decreases the visibility now we know that smog is a
combination of various gases with the water vapor and dust a large part of the
gases that form smog is produced when fuels are burnt small causes a misty
haze that is similar to fog but smog is very different in composition than fog
in fact the word smog has been coined from
combination of words they are formed plus smoke which equals smoke now in
simple terms we can say that smog refers to the hazy air that causes difficult
breathing conditions so according to EPCA the severe air pollution is due to
the local pollution in Delhi and NCR in addition to this EPCs also told that
the air quality in Delhi and NCR has deteriorated and it is now at these
severe plus level due to this severe plus level only EPC has asked the
government to take the situation as a public health emergency as we saw in the
beginning because it will have adverse health impacts on all and it will
particularly have adverse impact on the children so as a measure to tackle this
the Delhi Chief Minister distributed masks to schoolchildren so that they can
safeguard themselves from air pollution we know that the distribution of masks
is a part of the Delhi government’s initiative called as perolli pollution
or perolli producin action plan in this as we have discussed many times Murali
in Punjabi means straw or stubble or the crop residue and production in Hindi
means pollution this action plan is a seven point action plan first point in
this plan is odd-even scheme for vehicles second is procuring offer n95
category masks on a big scale the lights will be given masks free of cost by the
government of Delhi now in this this n95 category mask is a disposable mask which
acts as a respirator respirator means a mask that is worn on face it covers nose
and mouth then it forms a tight seal against the skin and more importantly a
respirator filters out certain airborne particles so like this the n95 mask is a
respirator which is a safety device that covers the nose and mouth and it helps
to protect the wearer or the person who views it from breathing in some
hazardous substances the n95 mask protects you from breathing in small
particles in the air such as dust and mold it is designed to filter out at
least 95 percentage of the dust and mold in the air
but it is said that n95 masks do not protect the person against chemical
vapors chemical gases carbon monoxide gasoline asbestos LED or low oxygen
environment then the third one is banning of bursting crackers during
Diwali celebrations which is based on a Supreme Court order so instead of
bursting crackers laser show was organized by the Delhi government as
planned in this seven-point action plan then the
fourth point is tackling dust particles in air so water will be sprinkled on a
big scale to contain dust and then in addition mechanized sweeping will also
be carried out then if if the point is identifying 12 hot spots in Delhi then
after identification of these hot spots special plans will be drafted and they
will be implemented for these places then the sixth point is placing or for –
environment marshals in each word so that they can prevent burning of waste
by guards and they will also prevent other actions that lead to air pollution
next the 7th and the last point is Delhi tree challenge in this the Delhi public
will be involved for afforestation in Delhi they will be asked to grow plants
then there will be free home delivery of saplings to people who want to grow
plants near their house now this is to increase the green cover in the city so
this was with respect to the seven-point action plan or the perolli pollution
action plan of Delhi government now we saw in the beginning that the air
quality in Delhi and NCR is that severe plus level so what is this severe plus
level to understand this first you should recall the national air quality
index air quality index is a tool for effective communication of air quality
status to people this communication should be in terms which are easy to
understand and which are not based on technical terms
so AQI or air quality index transforms complex air quality data of various
pollutants into a single number single Norman clay Chur and a single color now
based on these there are six air quality index
categories they are good satisfactory moderately polluted poor very poor and
then severe as you can see in this table the air quality index range for these
categories is also given here now keep this in mind
now before discussing about severe plus let us discuss also about graded
response action plan this graded response action plan was notified by the
Ministry of Environment forests and climate change it was notified through
EPA C that is the environment pollution prevention and control Authority this
notification was issued in January 2017 as per this notification when the air
quality reaches moderate category for category very poor category or severe
category as per these national air quality index then certain actions have
to be taken by government agencies this graded response action plan or in short
gr ap specifies actions that are required for controlling particulate
matter emissions from various pollution sources and it also helps to prevent PM
10 or PM 2.5 levels from going beyond the moderate national air quality index
category under this GRA P the actions and the responsible agencies are
notified so in short we can say that graded response action plan means the
measures that are put forward by the government agencies based on the AQI
category it includes a set of guidelines that are to be followed when air quality
deteriorates now we saw that only four categories are having graded response
action plan but after this a new category has also been added by the
government that is the severe plus or emergency category this category is when
the PM 2.5 levels cross the 300 micrograms per meter cube or when the PM
10 levels cross 500 micrograms per meter cube levels now you should note that
these levels are five times above these standard levels of air quality and when
these levels persist for 48 hours or more it is termed as severe plus or
emergency category now don’t confuse these levels
with air quality index because the concentration range for pollutants PM
2.5 and PM 10 in severe category of 8ui is 250 plus and for 30 plus now when
this increases to 300 and 500 respectively then it is categorized as
severe plus or emergency category now what are the actions that needed to be
taken when the air pollution isn’t severe category first the entry of truck
traffic into Delhi has to be stopped and only those trucks which are carrying the
essential commodities will be allowed to enter Delhi then construction activities
in Delhi has to be stopped the next is the odd and even scheme for private
vehicles has to be introduced under the action plan we know that this odd and
even scheme is based on license plate numbers and moreover when the air
quality is in severe plus or an emergency category the vehicles that are
exempted under this scheme should be minimized which means many types of
vehicles have to be included under the purview of this scheme then the task
force which is working to control air pollution should take decision on any
additional steps such as shutting of schools etc so that is why schools have
been ordered to be closed by the Delhi government which is the news today but
this we come to the end of this news article discussion moving on to the next
news article discussion if you see this news article is also based on ad
pollution in Delhi and especially the ad pollution which is caused by stubble
burning the syllabus that is irrelevant to this discussion is also given here
for your reference in the last article discussion we saw that according to see
PCB that is the central Pollution Control Board this double burning
contribution to pollution has gone up to 45 percentage and this has resulted in
the high particulate matter concentration in air but contrary to
this fact the Union Ministry of Environment forests and climate change
has informed the supreme court that the incidence of stubble burning in the
three neighboring states of Delhi and the National Capital Region has come
down by 41% since 2016 now here you should note that
this is the contribution of stubble burning the pollution and this is the
level of stubble burning in the neighboring states
so both values are totally different the central government has claimed that
double burning has seen a reduction in 2018 when compared to 2017 in Punjab
there is a reduction of 11 percentage in Haryana there is a reduction of 29 point
5 percentage and in Uttar Pradesh there is a reduction of 24.5% age then the
ministry also added that special central schemes have been rolled out to control
air pollution in Delhi and National Capital Region these schemes are to
tackle air pollution and for in situ or local management of crop residue and
also for promotion of agriculture mechanization under this the machines to
manage crop residue will be disbursed among the individual farmers for 50%
subsidy and then an 80 percentage discount will be given for setting up of
custom hiring centers for these crop residue management machines now in this
custom hiring centers or in short CHCs are basically a unit it comprises of a
set of farm machinery implements and equipment which is meant for custom
hiring by farmers these centers are set up to bring farm machinery to be
available within the reach of small land holding farmers or the marginal land
holding farmers who usually do not know about these machinery so this is a
method used by the government to educate the farmers and also to reduce the
stubble burning or the crop residue burning that is all about this news
article the red practice question will be discussed in the last session moving
on to the next news article discussion this news article is related to appspot
the syllabus that is relevant to the analysis of this news article is given
here for your reference C F spa is the acronym of Armed Forces
Special Powers Act now there are two half Spurs that is there are two acts
which are in operation in this one F spa is exclusively for Jammu and Kashmir now
this act is known as armed divorces Jammu and Kashmir Special
Powers Act of 1990 then the other act is applicable to some of the northeastern
states of India and it is known as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act of 1958
now today’s discussion is with respect to Armed Forces Jammu and Kashmir
Special Powers Act of 1990 so let’s focus on that now to understand that you
should first know some facts about the reorganization of Jammu and Kashmir we
know that from October 31st the state of Jammu and Kashmir has been seized to
exist or it no longer exists now as per the Jammu and Kashmir reorganisation act
of 2019 the state of Jammu and Kashmir has been
split into Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh
now in this we know that Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir is with the state
legislature and the Union Territory of Ladakh is without state legislature now
when the Jammu and Kashmir was a state before the present bifurcation the Union
Home Ministry or the governor of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir was
the designated Authority for notifying the Armed Forces germán Kashmir Special
Powers Act of 1990 now hear the term notifying means the power of the
governor of Jammu and Kashmir or the central government to issue notification
in the Official Gazette by this they can declare the whole state of Jammu and
Kashmir or any part of the state to be a disturbed area now this is as per
Section three of the armed forces Jammu and Kashmir special Powers Act of 1990
so as per Section three of this act if either the governor of Jammu and Kashmir
or the central government is of the opinion that the whole part of the state
of Jammu and Kashmir or any particular part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir
is in a disturbed or in a dangerous condition then they can issue
notification to declare those areas as disturbed areas and after this armed
forces can be used for maintenance of public order in those particular areas
or in the whole state itself now in this Ministry of Home Affairs of government
of in is the designated authority on behalf of
the central government for this purpose that is for notifying the act now
regarding this a notification has been released by the cabinet secretary
yesterday that is on first in November 2000 19 in this notification the cabinet
Secretariat has reasserted or confirmed that the Ministry of Home Affairs is the
designated authority of the central government
so the Ministry of Home Affairs would decide on the imposition of the Armed
Forces Jammu and Kashmir Special Powers Act of 1990 in the union territories of
Jammu and Kashmir and in Ladakh but if you see in newspaper it is just to give
an US Armed Forces special power set so don’t get confused with the other act of
AB Spa which is asked for 1958 now know that this Armed Forces Jammu and Kashmir
Special Powers Act of 1990 has been in force in Jammu and Kashmir since July
1990 this Act empowers the Armed Forces to conduct operations anywhere in order
to maintain public order and then to arrest anyone without a warrant and also
then to enter and search any premises without warrant and then it also
empowers the Armed Forces to stop search and seize any vehicles that are carrying
any suspicious person who is a proclaimed offender then in addition to
this as per the notification the Department of Jammu and Kashmir which
functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs has been renamed it has been
renamed as the Department of Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh Affairs according to
the official sources the Department of Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh Affairs deals
with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh and then it also
deals with the administration of the Armed Forces Jammu and Kashmir Special
Powers Act of 1990 this department deals with all the matters that are relating
to the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh
which falls under the purview of the Union Government there is the central
government now in this there are some exceptions also all the
which have been specifically assigned to any other ministry or any other
Department of Government of India is not dealt by this department so what are the
matters that will be dealt by this department these matters include
counterterrorism with Jammu and Kashmir and then coordination in respect of
subjects or matters that is specifically allotted to any other ministry or
department for example you can take the Ministry of Defence this department will
coordinate with Ministry of Defence for Manning and managing the line of control
between India and Pakistan etc but also remember that the subjects are the
matters with which the Ministry of External Affairs is concerned is
excluded under this now the noose article also states that based on the
notification released by the cabinet Secretariat the Department of Jammu and
Kashmir and Ladakh Affairs would be responsible for all matters that are
enumerated in the state list and concurrent list but if any matter is
specifically assigned to any other ministry or Department of comment of
India then they are excluded under the purview of this department now with
respect to this discussion you should note one point that it is not still
clear that whether the left hand and governor of the newly created union
territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union t’t of Ladakh will have the power to
declare disturbed areas like the governor of the Our Strength state of
Jammu and Kashmir or not so we shall wait and see whether there
is an update from the Ministry of Home Affairs with respect to this matter with
this we come to the end of this news article discussion the displayed
practice question will be discussed in the last session moving on to the next
news article discussion this news article talks about the case against the
controversial anti dumping practices or methodologies of USA the syllabus that
can be linked to this discussion is given here for your reference
now to understand the Neuse article let us first discuss about dumping anti
dumping duty and what is the controversy with this anti dumping practices see
dumping in general is a situation of international price discrimination in
this the price of a product when sold in the importing country
is less than the price of that product in the market of the exporting country
thus in the simplest of cases one has to identify dumping only by simply
comparing the prices in two markets now let us take one example to understand
this a product X is imported by India from a company of country a if the price
of the product X sold by company a in India is rupees 100 and the price of
that same product in its all country that is in the country a itself is
rupees 110 so here you can see that in India that product is sold in lesser
amount but in its own country it is much higher so now this amounts to dumping
now with respect to dumping let us see the role of WTO that is World Trade
Organization we know that WTO is the only global international organization
that is dealing with the rules of trade between nations and also remember that
WTO is not a United Nations body it is headquartered at a Geneva in Switzerland
the WTO allows governments to act against dumping now this is allowed when
there is genuine material injury to the competing domestic industry now in order
to do that the government has to be able to show that dumping is taking place and
the government has to calculate the extent of dumping that is how much lower
the export price is compared to the exporters home market price and the
government has to show that the dumping is causing injury or it is threatening
to do injury to the in domestic market so many governments take action against
a dumping in order to defend their domestic industries and this is done by
imposing anti-dumping Duty there for anti dumping duty is imposed to
neutralize the impact of cheap imports in the imported country now with this
background in mind let us discuss the present case the present case is between
US and China the case is against us because it has imposed anti-dumping Duty
on Chinese imports China has alleged that US is practicing the arbitrary
anti-dumping practices and China is also alleging that United States is violating
WTO rules and it was continuing a practice known as zeroing so what is
this zeroing let us take the example of us and let us understand what is zeroing
see an investigating authority of a country usually calculates the dumping
margin by getting the average of the differences between the export prices
and the home market prices of that product which is in question when the
investigating Authority chooses to disregard or it chooses to put a value
of zero on instances when the export price is higher than the home market
price then this practice is called as zeroing now the criticism with this
practice is that experts say this practice artificially inflates or
increases the in dumping margins so in turn dumping duties will also increase
so the country which is exporting to that particular country will have to pay
more dumping duty now with respect to USA if you see in a typical anti-dumping
investigation US Department calculates average net prices for each product that
is sold in the United States it then compares each of those u.s. prices to
the products normal value here normal value is nothing but the whole market
value of the exporting country and the zeroing is introduced after the
comparison of the u.s. price of the product and the normal value of the
product now when the normal value is higher than
the u.s. price then this difference is treated as the dumping amount for that
sale or that comparison because this is also one another method used for
calculating anti-dumping duty now whenever the u.s. price is higher the
dumping amount is set to zero by the US authorities rather than calculating
negative value after this all dumping amounts are added and they are divided
by the aggregate export sales amount to get the company’s overall dumping margin
now in this zeroing eliminates the negative dumping margins from the
dumping calculation now while doing so it can create
dumping margins now you might be confused with these technical terms so
let us take one example to understand this let us assume that there are two
products one is product one and another is product two now the whole market
value for this product one is forty nine point five zero dollars and the newest
it is fifty dollars then for product to the whole market value or the normal
value is fifty dollars and in newest it is forty nine point five zero dollars
now in this product one if you calculate the difference it will be zero point
five zero dollars and for product two it will be zero point five zero dollars but
in this the difference is that here the US market price is more so the
difference that will be calculated will be negative here it will be positive so
when the arithmetic sum of the individual dumping margins is calculated
it will be zero because the price differences for both products will
cancel each other out but here the surprise is that this is not how it
happens in USA originated they have to calculate like this only but they will
not calculate like this in this the negative dumping is not calculated
rather this value is set as zero so that means when this value is zero in this
values zero point five zero dollars then the total dumping margin for that
company will be zero point five zero dollars so by this that company will be
at the disadvantage because now based on this value the company has to pay the
anti-dumping duty even though somewhere it is giving products at lesser prizes
so from this we can say that US is deliberately comparing its higher
domestic prices with the prices of Chinese exports in its market for
calculating the anti-dumping duty and for imposing anti-dumping duties
so that is why China is blaming USA that it is carrying out arbitrary anti
dumping practices now based on this only the World Trade Organization panel has
stated that China is entitled to slap a compensatory sanction on US imports and
this can be worth of three point five seven nine billion dollars and that too
annually so every year China can impose sanctions on US imports
now this decision has to be seen as a result of USS failure to remove
anti-dumping duties and you should also note that this is the first time WTO has
authorized China to impose tariffs in a trade dispute so in this news discussion
we discussed about the important terms like a dumping anti dumping duty and the
controversies with respect to the anti dumping methodologies of USA and the
decision of WTO but this become to the end of this news article discussion
there is paid practice question will be discussed in the last session moving on
to the next news article discussion which is based on the unemployment data
that was released by an independent think-tank on Indian economy the
syllabus that can be linked to this discussion is given here for your
reference the news article states that an unemployment data has been released
by an independent think-tank on Indian economy this independent think tankers
Centre for monitoring Indian economy so before discussing about the news article
let us first understand what do we mean by unemployment rate see basically the
unemployment rate simply reflects the proportion of the labor force that does
not have a job but is available and is actively looking for work the
unemployment rate is calculated by expressing the number of unemployed
persons as a percentage of the total number of persons in the labor force by
labor force we mean that the sum of a number of persons who are employed and
the number of persons who are unemployed so now let us discuss the Neuse article
the article states that as per the data released by this think-tank the
unemployment rate for October 2019 was eight point five percentage now you
should note that this is for only one month not for a whole year now this rate
is at the highest level since August 2016 and additionally the rate of urban
unemployment is higher than the rural unemployment it is because the urban
unemployment is at 8.9 percentage and the rural unemployment is at 8.3
percentage so on a whole we can say that both rural and urban
population suffer almost equally from unemployment now let us discuss the
state wise data the highest levels of unemployment were seen in this state of
Tripura and in the state of Haryana in three puro it was twenty seven point two
percentage and in Haryana it was twenty three point four percentage now from
this we can say that almost one in every four person in the labor force is
unemployed in these states then which are the states and union territories
where the unemployment rate was the lowest it was in the state of Tamil Nadu
and Orica and in the Union Territory food chain in Tamil Nadu it was one
point one percentage in Uttarakhand it was 1.5 percentage and inputted cherry
it was one point two percentage now we can say that these values are much
better than the national rate of for unemployment for the month of October
which is at eight point five percentage so the news article also mentions that
the findings of the think-tank is in line with the findings of latest a
periodic labour force survey for the year 2017 to 18 now remember that this
survey was released by the Ministry of statistics and programme implementation
now this survey noted two biggest issues they were the shrinking share of labour
force and the rising levels of unemployment now according to this
survey the unemployment rate between July 2017 and June 2018 was six point
one percentage now we have discussed this PL FS survey in detail on our 5th
June 2019 in the news analysis please have a look at it then the article also
mentions about the decline in growth rate of core sectors so the article is
mentioning about the core sectors in the index of industrial production that is
IEP the output for the eight core sectors for the month of September 2019
has contracted or reduced by 5.2 percentage now this was considered as
the worst performance in the core sectors in the last 14 years so what we
need to understand here is that the Indian economy is facing these
severe risk of rising unemployment rate and the decline in in the still growth
next the article also compares the findings of a research center with the
findings of this think-tank this research center which is the center for
sustainable employment focuses in the areas of job creation employment and
sustainable livelihoods according to this Research Center and its findings
the employment in India has declined by an unprecedented 90 lakh jobs between
the years 2011 to 12 and 2017 to 18 so by this we can clearly see that the
unemployment rate and loss of jobs has been increasing in India for the last
few years then according to the data the Indian economy is passing through an
important phase of structural transformation it means the share and
number of workers in the agricultural sector has been declining and this is in
correspondence with the rise in employment in the non farm sectors
however only the services sector is driving the growth of jobs in the non
farm sectors now this is because the employment growth in construction has
decelerated or declined which is along with default in the employment in the
manufacturing sector during the periods 2011 to twelve and 2017 to 18 then the
article also states that as per this study the agricultural employment has
declined by 11.5 percentage during 2011 to 12 and 2017 to 18 and in the same
period employment in the services sector has increased by 13 point 4 percentage
while the manufacturing employment or the employment in the manufacturing
sector has decreased by 5.7 percentage then the study also talks about the
number of working age people not in labour force education and training
which is in short is known as NL ET it means the number of unemployed persons
who are not pursuing education or who are not undergoing training but they are
a part of labour force that is they are willing to work now the number of
working age people in NL ET has increased from 2011 to
well it was about 84 million or 8.4 crores in 2011 to 12 and now it has
crossed 100 million that is 10 crore so we can say that the reduction in total
employment in agriculture and the reduction of youth employment in
agriculture is good news from the structural transformation point of view
because it gradually takes the labour force in the agriculture and it shifts
them to the manufacturing and industry sector but yet the problem is falling of
employment in manufacturing sector and the decline in the employment in the
construction sector are bad news for the economy because if this continues then
we will have to solely depend on the services sector for job creation it is
because the secondary sector which comprises of manufacturing and
industries has more potential to employ more people so if there is a decline of
employment in these sectors then it is a bad news for the economy because more
people will be unemployed and they will all be dependent on the only sector that
is left that is the services sector so as a conclusion we can say that to
sustain the growth of income and to improve the standard of living and to
reduce poverty there should be more employment opportunities in the
manufacturing and construction sector because it will help to sustain the
structural transformation process that is the gradual shift from the
agriculture sector to industrial sector and then to the services sector and it
will also help to sustain the growth of GDP over the long run so with this we
come to the end of this news article discussion the displayed practice
question will be discussed in the last session now we have come to the last
session for the day which is the practice questions discussion session
this question is based on graded response action plan those treatments
are given and we have to choose the correct statement the first statement is
it specifies action plans that are required for controlling particulate
matter emissions from various pollution sources yes this is correct and the
second half States to prevent PM 10 and PM 2.5 levels to go beyond these severe
national air quality index category now this is
wrong because this graded response action plan specifies the action plans
to prevent PM 10 and PM 2.5 levels to go beyond the moderate category not the
severe category so this statement is wrong the second statement is it has
been notified by the central Pollution Control Board now this is also wrong the
GR aap plan has been notified by the environment pollution prevention and
control authority and specifically by the Ministry of Environment for a sent
climate change and this plan was issued in January 2017 under this plan when the
air quality reaches moderate category poor category very poor category severe
category or severe plus category then certain actions have to be taken by the
government agencies and these actions are listed in this graded response
action plan so in this question both the statements are wrong and the question
asks for the correct statement so the correct answer to this question is
option D neither one nor to this next question is based on Armed Forces Jammu
and Kashmir special Powers Act of 1990 the first statement is this Act can be
imposed on the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir only now previously when
there was a state of German catch me at that time it can be imposed on the state
of Jammu and Kashmir only but now the state has been bifurcated into two union
territories that is Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and union territory of
Ladakh so now this act can be imposed on both these union territories and not
only on the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and under this act any part of
these union territories or the union territory itself can be declared as the
disturbed area by the central government if that particular area is in any
disturbed condition or in any dangerous condition so the statement is wrong now
the second statement states the Department of Jammu and Kashmir and
Ladakh affairs under the Prime Minister’s Office deals with the
administration of this act now yes this department deals with the
administration’s of this act but whether this department works under
the Prime Minister’s Office know this department works under
Ministry of Home Affairs so this statement is also wrong in this question
both these statements are wrong and the question also asks for the not correct
statement that is the incorrect statements so the correct answer to this
question is both one and two has both the statements are incorrect now this
next question is based on anti-dumping duty for descriptions about anti-dumping
duty is given and we have to choose the correct answer now to answer this
question correctly you should actually know the definition of anti-dumping duty
it is a duty that will be imposed when there is a transaction between two
countries and in that transaction one country should be the importing country
and the other country should be the exporting country and this anti-dumping
duties imposed to safeguard the domestic manufacturers of the importing country
and to safeguard them against the cheap imports so from this we can say that
this Duty is imposed on imported goods so if the importing country has to
safeguard then the importing nation has to impose this anti-dumping Duty so
there should be imported goods in answer and importing nation in the answer which
is present in option B it’s a duty imposed on imported goods by the
importing nation so this statement is correct now this question is based on
periodic labor force survey the first statement states the unemployment rate
in India during 2017 to 18 as per this survey 6.1 percentage yes this is
correct this is a fact remember this the second statement states the periodic
labor force survey 2017-18 was released by the Ministry of Labour and employment
now because the survey name has labour in it don’t think that this survey has
been released by Ministry of Labour and employment this survey has been released
by the Ministry of statistics and programme implementation so in this
statement one is the only correct statement so the final correct answer to
this question is option a1 only with this we come to the end of today’s hindi
news analysis if you liked the video don’t forget to like comment and share
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