August 30, 2019 0

TEDxDubai – Mohammed Gawdat – 10/10/09 [بالعربية]

TEDxDubai – Mohammed Gawdat – 10/10/09 [بالعربية]


fantastic our next speaker is Mohammed gadot he’s going to be talking to us about technology and creating a level playing field Mohammed’s you good morning so I get the privilege and pleasure of running Google’s business in 119 emerging countries around the world and if you can imagine with this type of austerity basically I have to travel almost all the time back in 1999 of they want me in the light there you go extend in the light back in 1999 I came okay I came to a realization that if I actually started to pay attention I would learn quite a lot about the people that I come across in all my travels so when you when you actually notice those people as people not as background to your passage through the airport or people in the seats in a business conference you start to realize how different every a new individual is and I actually encourage you to look at the person next to you and try even for one second or two to notice what’s different about them it’s a very humbling experience when you realize at the end of the day that’s your way of doing things is not the only way that the world can go and that there could be many ways where people can also be right of course as a middle-eastern whose name is Muhammad Ali I get the added perk of spending extended hours in passport control cues and in the you know random Security checks so which which I don’t complain about but I I have to say when you when you’re there you start thinking you know what is it about Mohammed or an Osama or a Middle Eastern that engages that same sort of reaction anywhere you go in the world and you know when you think about it there is really no physical feature that you know distinguishes you from the others maybe it’s it’s naive to consider that all people from a certain cultural background have the same ideology I don’t actually think that people are so easily figured out yet you know when you think about it I have to say that in the last few decades we have probably come very close to what I call the golden age of stereotyping so I’m going to start by asking you to think a little bit I’ll give you a few examples nothing too controversial and I’m going to ask you to think a little bit about from your own cultural background what is right and what is wrong but also more important I’m gonna ask you to think are there situations where sometimes both people are right or perhaps both people are wrong so let’s start with this you know if you’ve been to Africa you would realize that there is a native African diet that consists of a type of bread dipping sauce and raw red meat not even coming close to a fire and I normally go for the bread and the dipping sauce basically but when you think about it it it shocks you the first time you see it but what shocks you more is why you never really notice the number of rare steaks that are ordered at our prestige dinners or why sushi is not really an unusual at all when you think about the way we’ll present ourselves normally a wealthy a female is associated with the image of being tanned and slim while actually in Africa it’s almost the exact opposite wealthy lady will be a little I will have a little bit of a fuller body because it signals abundance and we’ll probably have a lighter complexion because it signals that she doesn’t have to work in the Sun with the poor you know is it diamonds or is it gold or are both a little overrated I actually normally get very intrigued by how you know the US or the UK or France would normally make fun of their leaders in public it’s like a daily routine while in many Western cultures perhaps Thailand turkey here in the UAE we actually hold a lot of respect for our leaders and would be very offended if somebody mocks them so once again you know what is right and what is wrong and I think the one realization I came to is that there is one thing that is true about every human being you you need we come with this concept or almost an equation pre-programmed in our system that I am always right and that if I am right and the other guy is different then obviously the other guy is wrong now this equation has grown to a massive scale in the last decade it’s moved from an individual to individual view to a nation to nation view to a culture to culture view and I’ll just take a couple of minutes to try and and ask you to think about why that is happening my view is that with the spread of mass media we got a lot of democratization of knowledge and information I mean think before the printing press or broadcast radio and TV knowledge and information was exclusively held for people who had the wealth or the nul royalty or the noble part of the of the society and then as as those new technologies came to to our world we start to get more and more knowledge for every one of us as individuals the interesting thing is as this did happen it increased our ability to access information tremendously at all levels of the society but it also came on a few let’s say a built in weaknesses one of which in my view is that information started to be manufactured at scale and to manufacture something at scale you almost have to design it you almost have to customize it and you have to repeatedly get it out and in the same shape and form all the time it always has to sort of be newsworthy or box-office worthy if you want and that made us get the information from a certain perspective if you want I think the other issue which is really the biggest issue is that we with this abundance of information did not have to seek information anymore we just were out there and it was just a stream of constant knowledge that comes to us and so we never doubted it we just sat back in what I normally call a passive information intake mode while you’re passive you’re sitting there and what you say what is said to you is what you believe and unfortunately none of us started to doubt if any of that information is really true or if it’s a single point of view of the world or in any case if it’s information that I need to verify in any case and I think what happened there is that we got told what shampoo to use I didn’t and we got we got told what car to drive we got told what what does it took take two to look cool but we also started to get told who’s the good guys and who are the bad guys and who’s your enemy and who is your friend and I’m sure many of you would agree with me that the world we have gone through in the last ten years have seen a noticeable escalation in cross-cultural misunderstandings sometimes needing to hate and it’s unfortunate that many of our kids today will grow up to think that all Muslims are terrorists or or Americans are capitalists who will do not we’ll stop at nothing to get your money or many other perceptions that are absolutely wrong and I think it’s important that something gets done about this so why am I talking to you about this I’m a technology guy I’m talking about this because I actually I’m proud to say that I believe my industry the internet is is playing a pivotal role in changing this trend and and hopefully to the better so I’m going to talk to you about the internet from the point of view of what does the internet do how people interact with the Internet people interact with the internet from four sides one is they learn from the internet they acquire knowledge but also they communicate and they participate they take part of what’s happening on the Internet and then they socialize right so these are the human interactions with the Internet I’ll take you quickly at some examples on every one of them so there is no better example on earth of the democracy of information than Ted so I we’ve heard our our morning speech around how these ideas are now available for free to the world how we’re trying to pull to make them available for in every language and you would actually be amazed by the number of views I mean on on YouTube alone the Ted channel some of the most viewed talks have been viewed more than 1.6 million times in total the viewership is in the high end millions with that term with that approach to making information available there is now a democracy where everybody around the world wherever they are they have the chance to get to see what you guys get to see in this closed conference room I am a fan of the MIT course where where you know or or the I tune you I tuned University well now any student anywhere in the world in India and the Middle East and Africa has the same access to the same information and knowledge that a person in the top league universities in the world will have so this type of democracy I think the only excuse that somebody has today not to get the knowledge as it really should be is their willingness or lack of willingness to acquire knowledge it’s it goes much more beyond the type of information that’s available on the internet it’s the scale of information that is unbelievable it’s it is estimated that in 2008 alone 487 exabytes of information were produced on the web now I’m not sure how many of you know what an exabyte is but let’s put that in perspective a the the complete works of Shakespeare is five megabytes if you fill a pickup truck of those that becomes one gigabyte like the ones you have on your USB stick a billion of those pickup trucks is an exabyte now we produced in 2008 on the internet four hundred and eighty seven of those as a matter of fact there is an estimate that all human knowledge from the dawn of humanity until the year 2003 came to five exabytes in 2008 we actually developed eight times that much every month now think about all of that knowledge and the freedom that this is bringing now it is amazing that we at Google we get millions hundreds of millions of users asking us more than a billion questions a day to be able to answer that we have to index more than 300 billion pages on the web now those 300 billion pages on the web cannot be displayed in a way where we are the media programmer we don’t program what comes from the web what we want to do is to let the web decide what’s important and technologies like PageRank for example is basically an equation of more than 500 million variables of who votes for which page to be the most popular and most important that democracy again is that we don’t get to choose you get to choose what’s important think of al-jazeera and an IP video you know IP video over the Internet allowed you know al-jazeera or BBC you know to go beyond all boundaries and all elegant sponsorships if you’re censorships if you want so people take that knowledge and they start to communicate there has been 333 billion instant messages sent in the yuta in the year 2008 more than 200 and build two hundred and ten billion emails now what people do you know hotmail for example has more than 325 million subscribers and the difference between you know you talking to a friend and sending it on an email is an email is perpetual it stays you take it you forward it to another person and as you forward it this knowledge goes from one person to the next and think of how many times you know I on your own personal email you got a piece of information that you truly admired from that orange originated originally from somebody you have no idea who he is now that takes you to a level of transfer of knowledge that knowledge now is not transferred by the expert anymore it’s people telling people people searching and finding information and sending it to the next Twitter is the flavor of the year and Twitter has more than 15 million subscribers forty-six percent of those would check for updates on daily basis this tells you how the new generation is so much into knowledge all the time communication all the time it is not about I’ll wait and I’ll check when I go home anymore people also participate my absolute favorite part of the Internet the internet is not created anymore as manufactured information Wikipedia is the largest encyclopedia on the planet more than 130 million articles in 250 languages those those articles are not produced by the experts the scientists the knowledge keepers they’re produced by the crowd more than 500,000 Wikipedians are vetting through that information correcting it editing it and refining it so that it becomes the absolute deposit the repository of the wisdom of the crowds participation goes to blogging more than more than 250,000 words gets written on blogger every minute of every day since 2002 there has been more than 130 million blogs created that is more than one per second now think about that now your world view is no longer shaped by what you get told it is shaped by what other people are putting as knowledge on the web participation with video the the low cost of video production on YouTube people or upload almost a day of videos every single minute 20 hours to be exact and those videos get watched across the world and are gaining tremendous momentum you would think that they get watched in a certain part of the world this map here shows the distribution of the top rated the top viewed video on YouTube you’d more than 130 million finds this single video around dance and this video gets viewed every world in the world where in the world the only white places on this map would be places that you basically don’t have enough Internet connectivity a Kiva is my absolute favorite example of participation Kiva is more an organization that aims to fund micro loans to entrepreneurs but the way people participate in charity on the Internet is not by subscribing to a charity organization or to a cause what they do actually is they get to know the people that they’re giving to so they get to know their story they get to know their life pains they get to know their dreams and they get to know what they want to do with the money and then they choose to participate Kiva has given more than 130 million micro loans through five hundred and sixty thousand funders and the beauty of this is that those people because there is the social connection actually pay back their loans at a rate of ninety eight point four percent higher than any financial institution in the world this is what a social connection across cultures can do for you I’ll close very quickly with with the Internet’s impact on social on the social fabric of our humanity so Facebook today has more than 300 million subscribers there has been an interesting survey in China recently worth two thirds of Internet users will agree that they can have a friendship entirely on the web with somebody that they will never see on in their life as a matter of fact 25% of UK and teenagers online have friends that they have never seen before and will never plan to see an interesting statistic in the US is that they ran a survey of 10,000 married couples in 2006-2007 nineteen hundred of them met online the funny thing is that only 1,700 met at work or through a friend so this is the reality of what the web is doing to our to our social culture and social fabric the place is like poptropica have more than 76 million subscribers from 5 to 10 years of age and places like habu have more than 135 million subscribers that come together as a community they consider those people their own friends they consider that they have more in common with those people than their next-door neighbor now I want you to put things in perspective with those numbers poptropica is now larger than the population of Germany the Habu community is closing in on Russia Facebook is almost as big as the US and the world wide web in total was at 1.8 billion people online not counting the people on mobile is way way beating China now I say with or with a lot of confidence that today’s largest nation on earth is the World Wide Web those people are very very similar they have a freedom of expression and a democracy of information that I did not enjoy as I grew up they participate they communicate all the time they shape the web the way they want and as they do that they get to know about the other guy not through what the expert is telling them but they get to know about the other guy from the other as a matter of fact I wanted to give you a visual view of how this is done when you think about it every time you get together with another person you get to know a little bit about about them that shapes your perception so I took I’ll take you to our one of my favorite places on the web Facebook org and Facebook page as well a face a face research dot org face research averages out faces to give you an image of what would you do if you put all of these together it honestly takes down its folder of edges and puts them in a very average of face that I think most of you will feel familiar with you will be okay with this person and the way he looks or she looks now this is what the internet is doing I think this trend is really driving us to a place where we become much more familiar with the person on the other guy on the other side and I really wish that this trend continues because I hope that when somebody tells my kids that the other guy is the enemy my kids will say I actually think the other guy is pretty cool he’s my virtual friend on Facebook I saw his video on YouTube and I actually think he has a very very valid view of life maybe different than yours but it’s quite valid so let me send you a link to his blog and I hope that you will understand that face that’s perspective – thank you

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