September 24, 2019 0

[Learn Korean Language] 1. Korean alphabet (consonant & vowel)

[Learn Korean Language] 1. Korean alphabet (consonant & vowel)


안녕하세요 반갑습니다 제니 임니다. Hello, everyone. Welcome to Jenny’s class. This is the first class of Jenny’s Korean. Let me start with the Korean alphabet. It’s “Hangeul” in Korean. In English, the alphabet is A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and so on. Korean has its own alphabet. It’s Hangeul. Hangeul was created in 1443 by King Sejong and his scholars. Before the creation of Hangeul, Korean people used Chinese characters for writing their language. However, since it was very difficult to learn how to read and write it, Hangeul was created. So, Hangeul is very easy to learn, use, and write. by the way have you ever heard of unesco king sejong prize? it is given to the person or organization who has great achievement in literacy that’s why king sejong is one of the most famous king of the world as well as in korea what is hangul? it’s hangul hangul is — language this sentence is composed of five syllables it’s an-yong-ha-se-yo it’s korean’s greeting expression ‘hello’ it is composed of five syllables and each syllable has each syllable has it’s consonants and vowels from now on I will analyze all syllables and consonants and vowels I will start now and explain all of it these are an-nyeong-ha-se-yo pan-gap-sup-ni-da it is also composed of five syllables and it means ‘how do you do?’ and je irumun jeni imnida it is one two three four five six seven eight nine it is nine syllables it means ‘my name is jenny’ kam-sa-ham-ni-da this sentence has five syllables at first i’ll explain korean vowel korean has ten basic vowels and eleven combined vowels second there is also consonant we have 14 basic consonants and 5 more double consonants of combined consonants okay so in total we have 21 vowels and 19 consonants so 40 characters we have 40 characters we have 40 hangul characters we have 40 letters in korean if you only memorized 40 characters you can write and read hangul and these 40 characters can inscribe almost all human sound korean vowel kim sejong used these heaven ground men principle when he created hangul we say tongue-je in principle its tongue-je-en-wally in korean for example this dot which indicates heaven plus short horizon line which indicate ground becomes this vowel character and these components and this character which indicate men is added it becomes this vowel character by using this principle this heaven ground men principle we say tongue-je-en-wally we can make 10 basic vowels these are 10 basic vowels of Korean and by combination we can make 11 combined vowels from now on let me explain these characters phonetic value one by one this character has [a] sound [a] [a] and this character has [ya] sound [ya] [ya] and this vowels has [o] sound [o] [o] and this character has [yo] sound [yo] sound and this character has [ou] sound [ou] sound and this character has [you] sound this is [a] [a] you half to write from left to right [a] and [ya] and [o] [yo] and you half to write from top to bottom [ou] and [you] so do not write this way just [a] and do not write this do it like this [u] and then this character has [u] sound [u] [u] and this character has [yu] sound [yu] [yu] and this is most important in this part it’s [u] sound because there is no phonetic value in Korean language so you have to carefully pronounce this character [u] [u] listen carefully [u] [u] and [i] [i] [i] so how to write this letter from top to bottom [u] and [u] and [ou] [i] [a] [a] [ya] [ya] [o] [yo] [ou] [you] [u] [you] [ou] [i] okay again [a] [ya] [o] [yo] [ou] [you] [u] [u] [ou] [ou] [i] these are basic vowel pronunciations next these are combined vowels these are combined vowels this character has [e] sound [e] sound [e] [Ɛ] [Ɛ] this character and this character has almost the same sound how ever when you pronounce this character just open the mouth slightly wider then this sound just [e] [Ɛ] [e] [Ɛ] so almost same sound [je] [je] [jƐ] [jƐ] when you pronounce this character open the mouth slightly wider then this character like this one [Ɛ] [je] [jƐ] [je] [jƐ] again [e] [Ɛ] [je] [jƐ] this vowel, this combined vowel is composed of this character and this character this basic vowel and this basic vowel is has [o] phonetic vowel and it has [a] phonetic vowel so [o] and [a] [o] plus [a] sound so [o] [a] [o] [a] becomes [wa] sound [wa] sound it is [wa] sound [wa] like this with in this character is compused of two basic vowels [u] plus [A] character [u] plus [a] sound [u] [a] [u] [a] [u] [a] [wa] sound is has [wa] sound [wa] [wa]

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