January 2, 2020 0

Learn Arabic: Arabic alphabet and how to connect letters together.

Learn Arabic: Arabic alphabet and how to connect letters together.


[Music] hello this is Muhammad Bakry from community of Babel and today we are going to go through the Arabic alphabet I know it’s the biggest problem for people who start who for absolute beginners but don’t worry it’s a little bit exaggerated that the the alphabet is difficult it’s not difficult it’s like English it’s like most European languages but the point is every letter has a form when it’s separate and a form when it’s connected to other letters so we are going to go through this how to pronounce the letters and how to connect them to other letters to write a word so first before we begin you have to know that the Arabic alphabet consists of 28 letters 25 of them are consonants and only three vowels okay they are long vowels actually and there are some short vowels but we will discuss this in another video so let’s begin with with the first letter the first letter is Alef okay Alef it’s written like this it’s just this vertical line just this vertical line and the sound of it is ah so repeat that for me please ah this is the standard sound there’s an like in the English word man man okay but in in some words it’s pronounced ah it’s like the English word far okay but the standard the pronunciation actually is a than the standard the pronunciation and it’s called tarqeeq this is a little bit advanced but turqeeq means softening softening the letter because we it’s not it’s it’s meant to be a little soft when you pronounce it so.. the standard is and when it’s connected its to another letter so this is from a letter before when it’s connected it’s like this it’s the same form okay and it cannot be connected to a letter after. the next one is Hamza okay Hamza and Hamza is not actually a letter but it’s a character okay it’s some people link it with the Alef because it’s actually the same pronunciation it’s just used to emphasize the sound in the beginning of any word starting for example here is a word maal maal so just focus here on the Alef okay here The Alef is pronounced mal mal this is the standard pronunciation but in this word fa’ar for here did you notice I just added the Hamza here but the pronunciation is too different here it’s fa’ar fa’ar like you stop and to emphasize the sound the next the next one is the letter ba’a it’s like a boat when it’s separate from any other letters and when it’s connected it’s like this okay so here there should be a letter before and here there should be a letter after so this is the ba’a it’s very simple it’s like the B sound in English no difference it’s a very simple letter and the next one is also as simple it’s ta’a ta’a it’s written like the bat but it has two dots above and when it’s connected it’s like this okay this is also a simple one the next one is a little bit tricky for some people not English speakers but some other people it’s tha’a tha’a the standard pronunciation is tha’a like the th in thin in English the word thin okay in English and when it’s connected to other letters it’s like this okay so these three or they look like the same they look the same when they are separate and when they are connected only the difference is in the dots here there is a dot underneath in the ba’a the ta’a there are two dots above and here two three dots above the tha’a and for these three they can be connected to a letter before or after for the hamza I didn’t write anything about its connection because it’s always separate it’s always like this okay sometimes it’s like this in some words but not usually so but it’s as a character it’s most of the time it’s separate the next one is jeem jeem it’s written like this when it’s separate and it’s written like this okay when it is when it’s connected to letters before and after and please note that it actually can be connected to the letter before or after and the pronunciation is jeem this is the standard pronunciation but in the Egyptian dialect it’s pronounced gueem like the G in English but the standard pronunciation in Standard Arabic and even I think all the dialects it’s pronounced Jeem yeah like the English J so the next one is ha’a it’s written the same as you see when it’s separate and when it’s connected it’s also the same but there here there is no dot there is no dot underneath just the angle just like this angle okay and if there is here there’s a letter okay this – actually is okay coming from the letter before okay so this is ha’a ha’a the pronunciation is a little tricky I know it’s a little difficult because it doesn’t exist in many languages but it’s like you’re cleaning a glass it’s like ha ha it’s it’s a little bit difficult and it will take some time to for you to get used to it but it’s different from ha’a it’s not ha’a but it’s ha’a ha’a it’s like clearing your throat it’s from the deep throat actually the next one is kha’a it exists in many languages but their kha’a sound is a little stronger in Arabic a little stronger okay and it’s written the same it’s just like an angle here with a dot above so it’s this is the kha’a the next one is Daal Daal okay it’s like this when it’s separate and when it’s connected it’s the same but it can only be connected to a letter before not after so this is when it’s connecting so this here there should be a letter before and it cannot be connected to a letter after so I write this so that you can know that you can never connect any letter to the Daal after if if a letter is coming up okay well the next one is thaal thaal it’s like the the th in English in the word than than okay so this is the standard pronunciation in some dialects like in the Egyptian dialect and in some other dialects it’s pronounced like Z Z like the Z sound in English but the standard pronunciation is thaal thaal and when it’s connected it’s like this okay this is a dot and it cannot be connected to a letter after okay the next one is ra’a ra’a okay it’s like this okay and ra’a it’s pronounced of course like the art like the Spanish r its ra’a ra’a okay and when it’s connected it’s almost the same the same form it can only be connected to a letter here before it cannot be connected to any letter after okay the next one is Zai Zai is the Z sound in English okay it’s the same like the ra’a it just has a dot above and the same in the connection if there’s his there is a letter here and it will be oneness okay and it cannot be connected to a letter after if there’s a little after it will be separated from it okay so the next one is seen seen seen is very easy it’s like the s in English seen seen here it’s written like here like a small W and and this you like the big u and so seen when it’s separate when it’s connected it’s like this so here there is -like- coming from the letter before and just we take this small W and then we continue seen the next one is sheen it’s written like the seen but it just has three dots above and when it’s connected it’s like this okay it’s just the same but just you put the three dots and the next one is Saad Saad it’s a little bit tricky I know it’s written like this okay so the saad is pronounced like the seen but but a little bit from you open your throat a little bit so it’s saad Saad okay now it’s like this when it’s connected here a little before and here a letter after it can be connected of course to two letters no problem the next one is Dhaad Dhaad it’s written like saad same with a dot above okay and I know it’s the pronunciation is a little bit difficult it’s also from the throat like they do but it’s it’s strong deal with open throat like dhaad dhaad dhaad and and this letter actually exists in Arabic language only this this sound exists in Arabic language only so you will take sometime maybe to get used to it and this is when it’s connected it can be connected to letters before after no problem okay this is the Dhaad the next one is ta’a ta’a like the T but the T from also when we open the throat a little bit so it’s ta’a ta’a yeah it’s that it’s stronger than the T of course and it’s almost the same form it can be connected to a little before or after but it’s the same there is no difference in the in its form in both cases the next one is the za’a and the actually it’s like the Z but it’s a mix of like the th in than like if we take the th from than and we take the Z like like the English word zoo so we take the Z and we take the th and we mix them and we open the throat a little bit so it will be like za’a the I know it’s it’s one of the most difficult letters but it’s just the this is the standard sound in in some dialects it’s pronounced a little bit differently it’s like za’a za’a so it’s like just a strong Z but the this is the standard pronunciation it’s in modern Standard Arabic it’s pronounced that the okay the next one is a’ein a’ein okay it’s like this when it is separate and when it’s connected it can be like this okay and this sometimes it can be like this okay again it will be like this or like this written like this it’s a’ein a’ein a’ein it’s from the from the throat and just it.. it from the throat and it’s very difficult for some people I know it doesn’t exist in many languages but you will get used to it the next one is ghayn ghayn it’s written like a’ein but with a dot above but ghayn is pronounced like the French R yeah ghayn ghayn it’s not from the beginning of your tongue actually it’s from the the actually at the end of your tongue okay so it’s gha gha ghayn okay.. when it’s connected it’s like this or like this like the a’ein but with a dot okay and it can be connected to letters before or after no problem the next one is fa’a fa’a it’s a very easy sound like the English f this is when it’s separate and this is when it’s connected okay to other letters fa’a the next one is qaaf it’s like the fa’a right.. with just two dots there’s just two dots above qaaf qaaf qaaf so it’s like the the K but it’s it’s you have to also to open your throat a little bit so it’s qaaf like this is when it’s connected to other letters okay the next one is kaaf kaaf like the English K kaaf kaaf this is the normal case sound but there’s a little bit something a little bit tricky here because when it’s separate it has a form but when it’s connected it has a different form totally different for it’s like this so it’s like a reversed z English z so like this this is when it’s connected to other letters and it can be connected to letters before or after no problem the next one is laam laam like the L in English laam laam it can be connected to letters before or after but it will be so just just a long vertical line here there is a little before here there is a letter after laam the next one is named meem actually meem can be written like this and it can be written like this and most often when it’s at the end of the word it’s written like this but actually this depends on the font when you’re writing on your computer and using different fonts some fonts will be like this and some fonts will be like this and of course it’s meem meem one of the most used letters in Arabic and this is when it’s connected to other letters sometimes sometimes when it’s connected to for example a word beginning with meem and the next letter is ha’a or jeem or kha’a so it will be written sometimes like this here there is ha’a so it’s a little bit above the letter not not like this but it depends also on the font that you’re using the next one is known noon it’s written like this it’s separate and when it’s connected it’s like this noon noon the N sound in English no difference the next one is ha’a okay it’s written like this like zero when it’s separate from any other letters but when it’s beginning it’s in the beginning of a word it’s written like this this is ha’a like the H sound in English okay when it’s connected to letters it it’s like this oK written like this when it’s between two letters the next one is a vowel it’s wow wow it’s written like this like number nine but a little bit a little bit different like this nine and this is when it’s connected it can be connected only to a letter before okay there’s no if there’s a little after it will be separate Wow okay and the last letter is ya’a it’s also a vowel ya’a okay and ya’a can be connected to letters before or after and it will be like this written like this okay the conclusion is we have 28 letters only three of them are vowels Alif wow and ya’a okay and in arabic we write the consonants connected together okay so how to know the vowel we use something else it we use some diacritics diacritics ok to be able to read the words because we write the consonants next to each other we don’t have to put an alif wow and ya’a in all the words – to make vows with the letters but we are going to discuss this in another video I hope this video was useful and you can find a sheet in the description below with the summary of all the the letters and how to write them and how to connect them together you can download it and you can watch our next videos for beginners and for intermediate Arabic learners thank you for watching

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