Hello everybody, Politiekman here.
Welcome to the first video in my ongoing series on Islam in the West
In this series, we’re going to look at what Islam is.
The simple answer, of course, being “Islam is the religion of Allah, as prophesised to
Muhammad”. However, this answer has two problems: first of all it doesn’t tell us
very much about the beliefs and practices of Islam, and secondly, it’s incomplete. Islam
goes a lot further than most other religions, and we’re going to discuss this in detail
later on. So let’s try to find a better answer. First, a quick disclaimer: This video concerns
Islam as an ideology; as a collection of Ideas. I am not saying or implying all Muslims necessarily
agree with everything that exists in Islamic doctrine. In this video; I am merely discussing
the ‘paper’ Islam, that is: the holy texts of the Islam. I will discuss Muslims in a
later video. Also, please note that there is no historical
or archeological evidence to corroborate the first ~200 years of Islamic history. Therefore,
the only reference we have, are the religious texts Islam is based on three holy documents, which
can be considered the ‘Trilogy of Islam’. These are the Qur’an, The Sira and the Hadith.
The Qur’an is the best known Islamic document, and contains the word of Allah as prophesised
to Muhammad. According to the Qur’an, the Qur’an is divine, perfect and eternal.
The Sira is the biography of Muhammad. This describes Muhammad’s life, revelations, actions
and choices. According to the Qur’an, all Muslims must aspire to live like Muhammad.
This makes the Sira an incredibly important document in the Islamic doctrine.
Finally there is the Hadith. The hadith is the collection of the traditions of Muhammad.
In other words; the Hadith contains descriptions of the lessons taught by Muhammad, answers
to questions he was asked and the decisions he made in regards to Islamic law. The Hadith
is by far the largest part of the Trilogy. The Sira and Hadith are often jointly referred
to as the ‘Sunnah’. Islam has both a religion and a political
system embedded into its core. One place where this divide is evident, is in the Qur’an itself.
The Qur’an can be divided into two parts: the Meccan Surah and the Medinan Surah. Muhammad
first started preaching Islam in Mecca. This was purely a religious period, and Islam
did not quarrel in politics. Muhammad preached here for 13 years and gained approximately
150 followers. After 13 years Muhammad was under increasing scrutiny and hate from non-Muslim
Meccans who did not approve of his preaching Many people who lived there had their own religions, and didn’t appreciate Muhammad taking their religions away from them He and his followers undertook a
journey to Medina, to settle there. This move is called the Hijra. After the Hijra, Muhammad
started taking more political action. He became a stateman and started religious wars, known
as the Jihad, which he continued up to his death 10 years after the Hijra. In these final
10 years of his life, the amount of Muslims increased from 150 to around 100 thousand.
It is evident political Islam is much more effective than non-political, religious Islam.
Nowadays, Political Islam is most visible in the Sharia. I will discuss the Sharia in depth in a later
video in this series, but here I’ll give a quick overview for context.
The Sharia is a political and judicial system based on the Trilogy of Islam. It contains
laws for both Muslims and Kafirs, and settles everything from the obligatory fast in Ramadan
to the killing of adulterers. The Sharia is not a single, clearly defined
document. There is no law book like those we’re used to in Western democracies. Instead,
the Sharia is based on the trilogy, as well as on previous rulings from Sharia courts.
The importance of the Sunnah and Muhammad’s example, is solidly based in the Qur’an. For
instance, Surah 33.21 says “There has certainly been for you, in the
Messenger of Allah, an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last
Day and [who] remembers Allah often.” In normal English, this means the Prophet
Muhammad is an excellent example for anyone who puts hope in Allah and the Day of Judgement.
Muslims would be people who put hope in Allah and in the Last Day, thus Muslims are to hold
Muhammad as an example. There are other Surahs in the Qur’an with a similar message, such
as 33.36 “It is not for a believing man or a believing
woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have
any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly
strayed into clear error.” and 3.32
“Say, “Obey Allah and the Messenger.” But if they turn away – then indeed, Allah does
not like the disbelievers. And there are a bunch of others. This really
emphasizes the need for Muslims to follow Muhammad’s example, and thus to follow Sharia.
More on this in a later video. This is another topic I will be discussing
in greater length and depth in a later video, but again, I will give a brief overview.
A Kafir is a non-Muslim. I am a Kafir, and if you’re watching this video, there’s a good
chance you are a Kafir as well. Unfortunately for us, Islam does not look too kindly on
Kafirs. Just now, we saw Surah 3.32, which told us
“indeed, Allah does not like the disbelievers”. The dislike of disbelievers is quite prominent
in Islamic doctrine. In fact, if we analyze the Trilogy of Islam, we find 51% of the texts
of Islam deal with the Kafir, and none of it is positive.
For instance, a Muslim is not allowed to be friends with a Kafir:
“Believers! Do not become friends with anyone except your own people. The unbelievers will
not rest until they have corrupted you. They wish nothing but your ruin. Their hatred of
you is made clear by their words, but even greater hatred is hidden within their hearts.
We have made Our signs clear to you. Therefore, do your best to comprehend them.” – 3:117
and also: “Warn the hypocrites that torturous punishment
awaits them. The hypocrites take unbelievers as friends rather than believers. Do they
look for honor at their hands? Truly all honor belongs to Allah.” – 4:138
So a Muslim who takes a non-Muslim as a friend, awaits torture and punishment.
Kafirs need to be fought until they are either converted to Islam, or humbled and oppressed.
“Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider
unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion
of truth from those who were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly
while they are humbled.” – 9.29 If a Muslim leaves Islam and becomes a Kafir,
he needs to be killed. From the Hadith: “Narrated ‘Ikrima: Some Zanadiqa (atheists)
were brought to ‘Ali and he burnt them. The news of this event, reached Ibn ‘Abbas who
said, “If I had been in his place, I would not have
burnt them, as Allah’s Apostle forbade it, saying, ‘Do not punish anybody with Allah’s
punishment (fire).’ I would have killed them according to the statement of Allah’s Apostle,
‘Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him.’”” – Bukhari – Volume 9, Book
84, Number 57 Bukhari is the most widely recognised Hadith. There’s a small minority of Muslims who don’t recognise him, but the vast majority do. Also: Kafirs are fat:
“Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “A believer eats in
one intestine (is satisfied with a little food), and a kafir (unbeliever) or a hypocrite
eats in seven intestines (eats too much).” – Bukhari – Volume 7, Book 65, Number 306 Islam is a dualistic religion. To understand
what that means, consider these two surahs: “There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance
of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves
in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break
in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” Qur’an 2:256 Then there is: Allah has promised the hypocrites and the disbelievers the fire of Hell, wherein they will abide eternally. It is sufficient for them. And Allah has cursed
them, and for them is an enduring punishment.” – 9.63, the Qur’an These surahs are both from the Qur’an. The
first verse says “Let there be no compulsion in religion.”
The second surah says that those who are ‘hypocrites’ these are Muslims with Kafir friends, as well
as unbelievers, will be punished with the fires of hell.
This means the Qur’an simultaneously preaches there is no compulsion in religion, and that
there is compulsion in religion. Considering the Qur’an is the unalterable word of Allah,
both of these verses are equally valid. There are some schools of thought which consider
the chronologically latter to replace the old verse. This would mean that only verse
9.63 is valid, since this was written in the Medinan period, whereas the peaceful verse
was written back when Muhammad still lived in Mecca. This is called Abrogation I’m going to show you a short clip – just under 2 minutes long – which expertly explains abrogation. OK, has everybody brought their prayer mats? Excellent, let’s make some fucking Salaah Uh, What the fuck are you doing? We’re facing Jerusalem in accordance with the commands of Allah Oh yeah, I forgot to tell you from now on, we’re all gonna face the Ka’aba when we pray You want us to pray to a pagan temple? Allah says it’s the most revered place of worship Ooh, so he’s changed his mind? No, no, no Facing Jerusalem is still the most perfect thing to do… But now, Allah has replaced that with something even better What? The last time Allah communicated with humanity was back in the time of Jesusallahiassalam He’s had like 600 years to think about what to tell us, and he’s already fucked it up? Look, I don’t want to sound condescending here, but you obviously don’t even understand the significance of Islamic abrogations. I mean, think about it yeah… when was the last time you took something that was perfect an then replaced it with something that was even better? Hm? Nobody can do that, it is impossible by definition Exactly! But not for Allah! He can do literally anything! even if it doesn’t make any sense whatsoever And that is why you have to worship him all the time Oooooh, Allahu Akbar! However, according to the Qur’an, the Qur’an is eternal, unchangeable and perfect. This means all verses in it are perfect, and thus
a better verse cannot exist. As such, both verses are perfect and eternal.
This Dualism makes the study of Islam needlessly complicated. Using the Trilogy of Islam, it’s
perfectly possible to argue Islam is a religion of peace, and you wouldn’t be wrong. However,
using the same documents, it’s also possible to argue Islam is a religion of death and destruction,
and you still wouldn’t be wrong. This is why, in a later video, we’re going
to take a good look at the history of Islam and Islamic states, to see how these verses
are applied in practice. Hopefully this video gave you a brief overview
of the basics of Islam. Join me again next week; then we’re going to look at the moderate
muslim. Some people argue the majority of Muslims world-wide are peaceful, moderate
Muslims, whereas some other people argue there is no such thing as a moderate muslim. Next week,
we’re going to explore and find the answers.