Hello, I’m HAMIHA the Korean teacher! And thank you for choosing KoreaNavi.
This course consists of 4 short videos, to make you able to read Hangul, which is the Korean alphabet. Although Hangul is unique, but it is also
logical, so I believe everyone who complete this course can read Korean eventually. Before starts, Let’s see what we have learned in our last videos. So, these are all vowels and consonants of Hangul, but we have to learn one more thing to read all Korean perfectly. We know that there are 2 ways to combine vowel and consonant. But actually we can add one more consonant at the bottom of them like this. And we call them 받침. Basically, you can put all consonants in this
position, and it changes letter’s ending sound. Let’s see how 받침 changes letters sound. Ok, I put 7 consonants as 받침 to ‘아’
please listen carefully, I will speak them twice ‘악 악’ ‘안 안’ ‘앋 앋’ ‘알 알’ ‘암 암’ ‘압 압’ ‘앙 앙’ Although we can put any consonants here, 받침 sounds in these 7 ways. So, these 3 letters’ sound is same. ‘악’ And you can see that ‘앋’, can be written in many different ways.
And these 2, sounds same. ‘앞’ And what you have to be careful is, 받침
doesn’t explode. It means you cannot read this like ‘아ㅍ’, the right sound is ‘앞’. And there are 2 important rules, 받침 affects next letter’s sound in 2 situations. First, 받침 sound moves to next if next
consonant is this one(ㅇ). Actually this consonant has no sound, so it’s natural. ‘목요일’ is Thursday, we don’t speak them like [목요일] but [모교일] ‘음악’ is music, and also we don’t speak them like [음악] but [으막] Second, next letter’s sound get more tense in this situation. For example, ‘악기’ which means instrument, 받침 affects to next consonant, so it sounds [악끼]. But ‘암기’ means memorization,
this type of 받침 doesn’t affect to next consonant so we speak them in same way we write. Please remember this rule is only for sound.
When we write, we have to write correct word regardless of its sound. Because you finished 받침, now you can read
all of Hangul. So, this time, I brought some useful phrase together. Please stop for a
while and try what you learn today! Ok? Let’s listen. ‘안, 돈, 밖, 닭, 있다, 없다,’ ‘안녕하세요? 감사합니다. 죄송합니다.’ Let’s check some tricky one. ‘밖’ sounds like this, because we learn that these 3 has same sound. And wow, now you can know that we can put even two consonants at one 받침 position. When we speak this, we choose one consonant as 받침, unfortunately there is no clear rule
for that, this word we choose second one, so we speak ‘닭’. ‘있다’ sounds like this. Because 받침 affects next consonants. ‘없다’ has exactly opposite meaning of ‘있다’. And this word we choose first consonant as 받침 to speak. And very useful and famous phrases here. You
may know them already. 안녕하세요, means hello. 감사합니다, means thank you. 죄송합니다, means I’m sorry. And that’s it for this video! And congratulation,
you finished Hangul course, and now you can read all Korean! Please practice whenever
you see Korean, and I really hope you to enjoy it. Thank you for studying with KoreaNavi today!
Please keep going with this and hope you to see you soon. 감사합니다.