February 24, 2020 0

[Hangul] 02. Advanced Consonants

[Hangul] 02. Advanced Consonants

Hello, I’m HAMIHA the Korean teacher! And thank you for choosing KoreaNavi.
This course consists of 4 short videos, to make you able to read Hangul, which is
the Korean alphabet. Although Hangul is unique, but it is also
logical, so I believe everyone who complete this course
can read Korean eventually. Let’s start with previous
lesson shortly. We had studied 6 basic vowels which is ‘ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅣ, ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅡ’ and 4 basic consonants like this.
And we also studied that how vowel and consonant combine together.
‘아, 어, 이’ combines in this way, and ‘오, 우, 으’ combines in this way. And in this video, we will learn more consonants.
Actually, we will see all the other 15 consonants, but don’t worry.
All you have to memories are these 6 consonants, because the others are just applied one from these. As I mentioned, Hangul cannot be spoken with
only one vowel or one consonant, so I combined each consonants with basic vowel
‘ㅏ’ to practice. ‘가, 다, 바, 자, 사, 하’ one more time, ‘가, 다, 바, 자, 사, 하’ You might wonder why I put two different sound letters here, and the reason is because these consonants actually sounds like that.
I’ll show this at the last page. With these consonants, you can apply them like this. These 5 can be put together and has more tensed sound. And these 4, you can add more lines, and has sound with more breath. For the practice, I will put basic vowel ‘ㅏ’
like this. Ok, so I start with these group first.
Please remember that second one has more tensed sound, and third one with more breath. ‘가, 까, 카’ ‘다, 따, 타’ ‘바, 빠, 파’ ‘자, 짜, 차’ ‘사, 싸’ ‘하’ You know that it’s hard to feel the difference,
because I bet you have never seen like this 3 way distinction.
It is one of the markedness of Korean. The simple tip to practice them, for the tensed one, raise your pitch, so make higher tone like ‘가, 까’ ‘다, 따’ ‘바, 빠’ ‘자, 짜’ ‘사, 싸’ And the third one, for the more breath, spit some air, or ‘h’ sound together, like ‘가, 카’ ‘다, 타’ ‘바, 파’ ‘자, 차’ Like basic vowels, difference is hard to recognize, and you don’t have to be sad for that.
Please listen and repeat as much as you can, then you will be better. And here are more words! Pleas pause for a while, and practice what you learn today. Okay? Let’s start. ‘가구, 어디, 다리, 짜다, 가다,
사다, 싸다, 다시, 토마토’ Do you remember that I put 2 sound letters,
[g] and [k], for this consonant? If word begin with this consonant, it sounds
a little bit stronger. So for ‘가구’, ‘가’ sounds like [k],
and ‘구’ sounds like [g]. But please remember it’s made with same
consonant. But consonant can be spoken in different sound
depend its position. ‘어디’ means where, which is very useful
for traveler. ‘다리’ has two meaning in one word.
And when you see next 4 words, you may find that all of them ends with ‘다’.
In Korean, every Adjective and Verb’s basic form end with ‘다’.
It is important because if you want to find some Adj or Verb, you have to type it with
basic form in dictionary, and also to use them, you have to start with
basic form. ‘짜다’ means salty. You may know that
some Korean food is really salty. ‘가다’ and ‘사다’ are basic verb
that you will see a lots of time for your studying/ And ‘싸다’ means cheap, and is quite tricky one because it sounds really similar
with ‘사다’. Fortunately, one is Verb and one is Adj, so
if you consider sentence’s meaning it can help you to get the right one. ‘다시’ means again. In here, ‘시’ may sounds differently,
because this consonant change its sounds when it combine with vowel ‘ㅣ’.
When it combine vowel ‘ㅣ’, [s] changes to [sh] sound. So, this consonant changes it’s sound depends vowel. ‘토마토’ is tomato. I put this for fun, or maybe to help you to
see how Korean speak English word in their language. Finally, I give you short information that
some consonant has two different shape depends its font.
Normally computer font print in this way, but by hand we write in this way.
But please don’t confuse, these two are same consonant. And that’s it for this video!
Thank you for studying with KoreaNavi today! Please keep going with this and hope you see
you soon. 감사합니다.

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