September 9, 2019 0

Cambria (typeface)

Cambria (typeface)

Cambria is a transitional serif typeface
commissioned by Microsoft and distributed with Windows and Office. It
was designed by Dutch typographer Jelle Bosma in 2004, with input from Steve
Matteson and Robin Nicholas. It is intended as a serif font that is
suitable for body text, that is very readable printed small or displayed on a
low-resolution screen and has even spacing and proportions.
It is part of the ClearType Font Collection, a suite of fonts from
various designers released with Windows Vista. All start with the letter C to
reflect that they were designed to work well with Microsoft’s ClearType text
rendering system, a text rendering engine designed to make text clearer to
read on LCD monitors. The other fonts in the same group are Calibri, Candara,
Consolas, Constantia and Corbel. A completely unrelated font using the
Cambria name was created by type designer Ian Koshnick in 1989 for his
software publishing company, Cambria Publishing.
Design Diagonal and vertical hairlines and
serifs are relatively strong, while horizontal serifs are small and intend
to emphasize stroke endings rather than stand out themselves. This principle is
most noticeable in the italics where the lowercase characters are subdued in
style. It is somewhat more condensed than average for a font of its kind. A
profile of Bosma for the Monotype website commented: “One of the defining
features of the typeface is its contrast between heavy vertical serifs and
hairlines – which keep the font sturdy, and ensures the design is preserved at
small sizes – and its relatively thin horizontals, which ensure the typeface
remains crisp when used at larger sizes.”
Many aspects of the design are somewhat blocky to render well on screen, and
full stops are square rather than round. Designers have recommended avoiding
using it in printed text because of this: designer Matthew Butterick
described it as too monotonous to be attractive on paper. Bosna compared it
to optical sizes of fonts designed to be printed small: “The design is a bit like
an old metal type font. In those days sizes had their own drawing, so that
small sizes are wider and have a lower contrast compared to large fonts in the
same design: optical correction. In this sense, Cambria is like a small size
font, except that it may also be used at large sizes.”
As with the other ClearType fonts, both lining figures and text figures are
offered. Lining figures are the default, and are shown on the sample image.
Cambria Math This is a variant designed for
mathematical and scientific texts, as a replacement for Times New Roman. Cambria
Math was the first font to implement the OpenType math extension, itself inspired
from TeX. Led by Jelle Bosma of Agfa Monotype and Ross Mills of Tiro
Typeworks, the project was planned when development of Cambria had started, but
Cambria Math was developed in three stages.
Availability It is distributed with Windows Vista,
Windows 7, Microsoft Office 2007, Microsoft Office 2008 and 2011 for Mac,
and Microsoft Office 2007 viewers and converters. Cambria and Cambria Math are
packaged together as a TrueType Collection file. Microsoft Office 2008
for Mac does not include Cambria Math, as OMML is not supported. Therefore, the
Macintosh version of Cambria is packaged as individual TrueType Font files,
rather than a single TTC file. This font, along with Calibri, Candara,
Consolas, Corbel and Constantia, is also distributed with various free Office
viewers, the Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack and the Open XML File
Format Converter for Mac. The typeface is licensed by Ascender
Corporation for use by end users and consumer electronics device
manufacturers. The typeface is also licensed by Monotype Imaging to printer
manufacturers as part of the Vista 8 Font Set package.
=Caladea=In 2013, as part of Chrome, Google
released a freely-licensed font called Caladea, which is metric-compatible to
Cambria. It is based on Cambo, a font developed by the Argentine type foundry
Huerta Tipográfica. Usages
Cambria Math is used for presentation of Office MathML equations in Microsoft
Office 2007 and later. The free typesetting systems XeTeX and
LuaTeX can make direct use of Cambria Math as an alternative to traditional
TeX mathematical fonts. Cambria is available for use in Google’s
Google Drive suite of web applications. Used as the default font for most
document typing applications. See also
Asana-Math – the first free font that could be used instead of Cambria Math
with Microsoft Office 2007. Neo Euler – a version of AMS Euler with
support for OpenType math XITS – a fork of the STIX fonts with
support for OpenType math References
External links Microsoft Typography: Cambria, Cambria
Math Microsoft Cleartype Font Collection at
Microsoft Typography Van Wagener, Anne. “The Next Big Thing
in Online Type”. Poynter Online. Retrieved 2006-06-05.
Tiro Typeworks projects contains Cambria High-Quality Editing and Display of
Mathematical Text in Office 2007 Cambria Math specimen

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