January 21, 2020 0

#1 Korean Alphabet, Hangeul, 한글

#1 Korean Alphabet, Hangeul, 한글


Hi~. I am Hwadam tutor. Hwadam means shinny to ‘Hwa’ and story to ‘dam’, I want to make a beautiful and meaningful story. I want to be a youtuber who conveys history and culture comfortably and fun. In particular, I would like to share the joy of knowing Korean history with foreigners. Video subtitles are available in Korean and English. You can also download Korean. This will definitely help foreigners studying Korean. Then let’s start with the hope that you will have a lot of interest and affection on the channel. Alphabets and languages ​​were naturally created, destroyed, developed, and propagated without accurate production records. Over 200 languages spoken in the world went through ​​in the similar way. However, the Korean alphabet ‘Hanguel’ is unique as there is a ceratin book that documents its creation. Oh really? Yes ~~ It was written in this book. This book describes when the Korean alphabet was created, its purpose and usage. Wait ~ !! It is not a origin of Korean sound but a letter that indicates Korean. Right here! It is the Great King Sejong who many Koreans admire. Hangul was created by officials and Sejong’s support in early 15 century. This place, Gwanghwamun Square, is visited by many people. And here is the Great King Sejong. Do you see the book in his left hand? I feel like this book represents the one which documents the creation of the Korean alphabet. There are Korean consonants and vowels on the wall. wait~!! Can you see something back there? That’s the Gyeongbokgung Palace, the palace where Hanguel was made. Gyeongbokgung is a tourist attraction, but it contains historical curves. Behind, it is the Blue House, where the President of the Republic of Korea lives in. Geunjeongjeon is the main building in Gyeongbokgung. This is where King Sejong proclaimed Hangeul in December 1446. At that time it was called ‘훈민정음’. ‘훈민정음’ means ‘the right sound to teach people.‘ Why did King Sejong create new letters? There were two reasons. The first was for the common people. For a long time, the ruling class wrote Chinese characters, which were too difficult for the general people to learn. If something bad happened, it was almost impossible for the common people to inform the government using writing. The second reason was for a better communication. Many pronunciation of Chinese characters used at that time in Korea was quite different from Chinese. So King Sejong considered it necessary to have a letter that properly expresses our thoughts and words. Hangul was started for two reasons. The enlightened officials worked hard to create new letters with support of King Sejong in this building called jibhyenjeon. After completing Hangeul in 1443, it went through preparations with literary works for about three years. The first piece was ‘YongbiFisheries’. It’s about royal achievements, and there is a part in front of the current 10,000 Won bill. it’s quite short but meaningful message. Of course, opposition was loud as well at that time. Conservative officials argued, “It is wrong for a small country to serve China to have letters.” “It is unnecessary for working people.” Nevertheless, King Sejong proclaimed Hangeul in 1446. At that time, “Hunminjeongeum” is the right sound to teach people. However ~~ the new writing system faced hardships. The King, who became king in 1494, banned the Hangul and burned the Hangul book, after posters appeared that criticized his rule. Luckily, thanks to those who kept Hangeul, there were still novels and letters written in Korean and the language survived. But there was another adversity. First of all, this place is Geunjeongjeon in Gyeongbokgung, where ‘훈민정음’ was proclaimed. But the Japanese flag is hanging. In 1910, Korea became a Japanese colony and they ruthlessly suppressed Koreans. In particular, Japan has ruled out the eradication of cultures, making it impossible for Koreans to learn or teach Korean history and letters. But people hid, preached, taught, and defended Hangul. And one day this book was discovered. This book, discovered in 1940, is believed to have survived the first trial. It explains why the Korean alphabet was made, how the letters were created, and how sounds are pronounced. how the philosophical meaning of “heaven, earth, and man” were given and the basic letters and their applications were put together. This Cheonjiin 천지인 can be seen in the cell phone keyboards currently used in Korea. You can express almost all words and sounds in about 10 cells of Korean keyboard. Hangul consists of three parts. Consonant (first) + Vowel (neutral) + Consonant (final) At first, there were 28 basic characters, but now there are 24 basic characters and applicators. For example, the word “hello” consists of three parts: ㅇ -consonant ㅏ –vowel ㄴ -consonant. ‘녕’ is also made up of three 1,2,3. Depending on the situation, ‘hello’ means hello or good-bye. Well, when you learn Korean, you may find it difficult to use respect-words or various vocabulary words. However, if you work hard in the process of understanding Korean culture, you will feel Korean more easily. Cheer up~!!! According to records, King Sejong was pleased by the fact that he could express even the sounds of the birds using the Hangeul. ‘MungMung’-dog’s sound, ‘QuckkQuckk’-duck’s sound, America-USA, Milk-milk, Puwung- fart. In this way, Hangul can express almost all sounds. Combine words or phrases to form words, phrases and sentences. My foreign friend who was learning Korean said it was like a Tetris game. Let’s com back to ‘Hunminjeongeumhaeyebon’ . Thanks to this book, Hangeul was recognized as the only letter written in the creation process. In particular, the book has become a World Heritage because of its characteristic of being ‘scientific and creative letters using the physical organs’. UNESCO awards the Great King Sejong award to individuals and organizations that contribute to reducing illiteracy. In other countries, the rate of adoption of Korean as a second foreign language is also increasing. Also, thanks to the Korean Wave K-pop, foreigners are interested in Korean songs. More and more foreigners are visiting Korea. They enjoy experience of Korean culture and make memories. It is obvious that Hangul has a lot of meanings from Chinese characters. However, Hangeul is a valuable cultural heritage that expresses the lives of Koreans in Korean history and culture. And this is also true of the North Koreans living above. The Korean Peninsula was affected by tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. Eventually the Korean War broke out in 1950 and is now the only divided country in the world. There have been conflicts between the two countries and efforts for peace. In the spring of 2018, Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in met without an interpreter. While North Korea and South Korea are different countries internationally, the conversation with the same language in a good atmosphere moved my heart. There is a long way to go for peace on the Korean peninsula, but I think it is a meaningful effort for our children to grow up. If you speak with respect for each other, you can understand more. So far, I have been talking about Hangeul, the national heritages of Korea. Hangeul is a letter created for the purpose of efficient communication and for the people by King Sejong and the enlighten officials. Of course, there was a time that the use of Hangul was forbidden and books were burned. However, Hangeul still plays a role in expressing the history and culture of Korea. In particular, this book, “Hunminjeongeum Haehaejeun”, was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage in recognition of its value of accurately writing the Hangeul creation process. And thanks to the Korean Wave, more people are now interested in Korean culture with Hangeul. When you come to Gwanghwamun in Seoul, Please say “How are you~” How was my first video? ‘Your Likes and the Subscribe Button’ are really helpful for me. Then “Good – bye ~~”

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